Joseph Pulitzer

How is he relevant to journalism? Besides the pulitzer prize. I was happy to learn… —Joseph Pulitzer ; April 10, 1847–October 29, 1911), né Politzer József, was a Hungarian-American publisher best known for posthumously establishing the Pulitzer Prizes and for originating yellow journalism (along with William Randolph Hearst). ——————————In 1872, Pulitzer purchased the Post for $3,000, and then sold his stake in the paper for a profit in 1873. Then, in 1879, he bought the St. Louis Dispatch, and the St. Louis Post and merged the two papers, which became the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, which remains St. Louis’ daily newspaper. It was at the Post-Dispatch that Pulitzer developed his role as a champion of the common man with exposés and a hard-hitting populist approach. He soon was competitive with William Hearst. In 1883, Pulitzer, by then a wealthy man, purchased the New York World, a newspaper that had been losing $40,000 a year, for $346,000 from Jay Gould. Pulitzer shifted its focus to human-interest stories, scandal, and sensationalism. In 1885, he was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives, but resigned after a few months’ service. In 1887, he recruited the famous investigative journalist Nellie Bly. In 1895 the World introduced the immensely popular The Yellow Kid comic by Richard F. Outcault, the first newspaper comic printed with color. Under Pulitzer’s leadership circulation grew from 15,000 to 600,000, making it the largest newspaper in the country. The editor of the rival New York Sun attacked Pulitzer in print, calling him in 1890 “The Tucker who abandoned his religion”. This was intended to alienate Pulitzer’s Jewish readership. Pulitzer’s already failing health deteriorated rapidly and he withdrew from the daily management of the newspaper, although he continued to actively manage the paper from his vacation retreat in Bar Harbor, Maine, and his New York mansion. In 1895, William Randolph Hearst purchased the rival New York Journal from Pulitzer’s brother, Albert, which led to a circulation war. This competition with Hearst, particularly the coverage before and during the Spanish-American War, linked Pulitzer’s name with yellow journalism. After the World exposed an illegal payment of $40 million by the United States to the French Panama Canal Company in 1909, Pulitzer was indicted for libeling Theodore Roosevelt and J. P. Morgan. The courts dismissed the indictments. #Newspaper_career ——————-• Columbia University The grave of Joseph Pulitzer in Woodlawn CemeteryIn 1892, Pulitzer offered Columbia University’s president, Seth Low, money to set up the world’s first school of journalism. The university initially turned down the money, evidently turned off by Pulitzer’s unscrupulous character. In 1902, Columbia’s new president Nicholas Murray Butler was more receptive to the plan for a school and prizes, but it would not be until after Pulitzer’s death that this dream would be fulfilled. Pulitzer left the university $2 million in his will, which led to the creation in 1912 of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, but by then at Pulitzer’s urging the Missouri School of Journalism had been created at the University of Missouri. Both schools remain some of the most prestigious in the world. En route to his winter home on Jekyll Island, Georgia, Joseph Pulitzer died aboard his yacht in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina in 1911. He is interred in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York. #Columbia_University ——————• Legacy In 1917, the first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded, in accordance with Pulitzer’s wishes. In 1989 Pulitzer was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame. A fictionalized version of Joseph Pulitzer is portrayed by Robert Duvall in the 1992 Disney film musical, Newsies. He is the main antagonist of that film. There is also a school in Jackson Heights, Queens, New York named after Pulitzer. #Legacy

Vídeo de la vida de Pulitzer, uno de los grandes periodistas de la historia.